Activities and preliminary results of PRACOND research in Kom-Wum Forest Reserve
1. PRACOND is monitoring the population status of the Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzee, other mammals and birds species in Kom-Wum forest Reserve.
The Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzee (Pan troglodyte ellioti)
The Nigeria-Cameroon Chimpanzee (Pan troglodyte ellioti) is the most threatened chimpanzee subspecies. It has a total population of fewer than 6000 individuals remaining in the wild and a geographical range restricted to Cameroon and Nigeria (Morgan et al. 2011). However, hunting and habitat destruction is still a significant threat to its survival in Kom-Wum Forest Reserve. The IUCN status is Endangered and is integrally protected (Class A) in Cameroon.
For the first time, the rare to find Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzee was captured on camera traps in Kom-Wum Forest Reserve by PRACOND researchers. Chimpanzees were seen five times in this reserve. The maximum group directly observe was made up of ten chimpanzees while wildlife camera traps photographed 11 footages and a maximum a group size with at least nine chimpanzees in 2018. This rare footage may convince the government of Cameroon to change the protection status of the reserve into a chimpanzee sanctuary.
The Olive baboon (Papio anubis)
The olive baboons were seen many times and were captured on camera trap in Kom-Wum Forest Reserve. The IUCN status is Least Concerned and partially is protected (Class C) in Cameroon.
More than 14 groups of the Putty-nosed monkeys (Cercopithecus nictitans ludio) have been seen in Kom-Wum forest Reserve. In several occasion, they were found in a mixed group with Mona monkeys (Cercopithecus mona) and on two events Nigeria Cameroon chimpanzee.
2. PRACOND is verifying and confirming important birdlife in Kom-Wum Forest Reserve.
Black-casqued wattled hornbill and Great Blue Turaco
The presence of the Black-casqued wattled hornbill (Corythaeola cristata; LC) and Great Blue Turaco (Corythaeola cristata, LC) has been confirmed in our research in Kom-Wum Forest reserve. Both species have been seen several times reserve, and they are still hunted for meat by the locals.
3. Nesting ecology of chimpanzees in Kom-Wum Forest Reserve.
The Nigeria-Cameroon Cameroon build both tree and ground nests in Kom-Wum Forest Reserve. PRACOND researchers also encountered ground day nests and tree day nest in reserve. More than ten ground nests night nest were recorded during PRACOND surveys in 2018 which shows that the chimpanzees feel save in this site as compared to other reserves in the region.
4. Studying the diet of Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzee in Kom-Wum Forest reserve
5. Monitoring medium-to-large mammals wildlife species using camera trapping
6. Conservation education, awareness programs, and sensitisation meetings on sustainable exploitation practices in local communities.